In Europe during the Medieval times the only recognised religion was
Christianity, in the form of the Catholic religion. The lives of
the Medieval people of the Middle Ages was dominated by the church. From
birth to death, whether a peasant, a serf, a noble a lord or a
King - life was dominated by the church and Medieval religion. Various religious institutions,
such as monasteries and convents,
became both important, rich and powerful. The lives of many Medieval
people including various orders of monks and nuns were dedicated to to the Catholic church and religion.
This was also a period of great change in the Christian church. Disputes
of the Crusades led to
the split between the Eastern and Western
Christian Churches, called the Great Schism of 1054. The practises of the Catholic
religion were questioned and the beliefs of men
such as Martin Luther (1483 - 1546) prompted a new religion called
Protestantism which led to a further split in the Christian Church
referred to as the Protestant Reformation. This section covers all the
important events and Religious Reformers and philosophers who shaped the
changes in Medieval religion.
Religion and Philosophy
During the Middle Ages religion as everything. It was not unusual for
people to go to church everyday and pray five times a day. People believed that all the
good things in life were due to the bounty of god and that the evil
events of the times were due to their sins. Medieval religion was
extremely important and even the doctors and physicians of the era were
also well versed in religion. From birth to death, whether you were a
peasant, a serf, a noble a lord or a King - life was dominated by the
church and Medieval religion. There were many famous Medieval Saints and
there are details of the names of this pious men and women of the Middle
Ages. The following links provide and insight to
different aspects of the religion and philosophy of the Middle Ages.
Biographies and Timelines of famous Religious Reformers and
A biography and timeline can be found
on the famous Medieval Religious Reformers and philosophers in the Medieval
Religion section. Click one of the following links for facts and
Christian Religion History
Read about Christian Religion History from the
emergence of Christianity during the Roman era through to the Middle
History of the
The major historical events in the history of
Catholic Religion including the subjects of heresy and the Inquisition
and the Great Schism.
The Great Schism
Learn about the Great Schism of 1054 which
was the split between the Eastern and Western Christian Churches.
The practises of the Catholic
religion were questioned during the Reformation and the beliefs of men
such as Martin Luther prompted a new religion called Protestantism.
Popes in Medieval Times
The names and list of Popes who enjoyed great
influence and power in the Middle Ages 1066 - 1485.
The Life of people during the Middle ages was
dictated by the changes in the season. The different seasons and months
of the year were celebrated with Religious Feasts and Festivals which
are detailed in this article.
Monks in the Middle Ages
Learn about becoming a monk, the
vows taken by monks, the Monastery and life of monks and the sexual
practises of monks.
Nuns in the Middle Ages
All nuns led lives which were strictly disciplined. Their lives
were dedicated to their God and their faith and was a renunciation of worldly fashion and esteem.
The Definition of a
Pilgrimage, the concept of Pilgrimage, Christian Pilgrimage and
Destinations including Pilgrimage to Walsingham, St. Peter's Basilica,
Loudres and Canterbury. Christian Pilgrimage and the Crusades. The
Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer and the Pilgrimage of Grace.
Middle Ages Monastery
The first type of Medieval monastery
adhered to the Benedictine Rule, established by St. Benedict in 529AD.
The major orders of Medieval monks were the Benedictines, the
Cistercians and the Carthusians. The layout, buildings and rooms in a
The principal buildings of a large
convent were grouped around an inner court, called a cloister and
included a church, a refectory, or dining room, with the kitchen and
buttery near it and a dormitory where the nuns slept.
The concept of Monasticism centred around
withdrawing from the world, from its temptations and its transitory
pleasures to a life of solitude, prayer, and religious contemplation.
The three vows of poverty,
chastity and obedience were the basis of the rule of St. Benedict.
The Benedictine monks lived under strict
discipline. They could not own any property; they could not go beyond
the monastery walls without the abbot's consent; they could not even
receive letters from home
Read about the strange life of an
Anchoress who was a deeply religious woman who chose to live a solitary
life in confined quarters called an an anchorage or and anchorhold,
which usually consisted of a single small cell.
Religion and Philosophy of
- The short biography of Martin Luther an important Medieval figure who was famous
as a Theologian, Philosopher and religious reformer who founded the
Religion and Philosophy of
- The short biography of Albert Magnus an important
Medieval figure who was famous as a German philosopher and theologian.
Religion and Philosophy of Thomas Aquinas
Thomas Aquinas -
A short biography of Thomas Aquinas with key dates
about the life story of an important Medieval figure who was famous as
one of the greatest theologians of the Catholic Church.
Religion and Philosophy of Peter
Peter the Hermit -
A short biography of Peter the Hermit with key dates
about the life story of an important Medieval figure who was famous
for leading the People's Crusade - The First Crusade 1096 - 1099.
Religion and Philosophy of Jan Hus
- The short biography of Jan Hus an important
Medieval figure who was famous as a philosopher, cleric and religious
reformer who attracted followers called the Hussites.
Religion and Philosophy of John Wycliffe
- The short biography of John Wycliffe an important
Medieval figure who was famous as a Medieval religious reformer and the
first person to translate the Bible into English.
Religion and Philosophy of William of Ockham
William of Ockham
- The short biography of William of Ockham an important
Medieval figure who was famous as a Medieval Franciscan friar and
Religion and Philosophy of Peter Abelard
- The short biography of Peter Abelard an important
Medieval figure who was famous as a Medieval scholar, philosopher and
his tragic love affair with the beautiful Heloise.
Famous Religious Reformers and
- The short biography of Erasmus an important
Medieval figure who was famous as a Humanist and Religious Reformer.
The Medieval Life and Times website provides interesting facts, history and information about
Medieval religion and philosophy which scatter the Medieval History
books. The Medieval Times Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts about the fascinating subject of the lives of the people who lived during the historical period of the Middle Ages. The content of this
section on the Christian religion and Medieval life and times provides free educational details, facts and information for reference and research for schools, colleges and homework for history courses and history coursework.