interesting information about the History, Development and Architecture
This section detailing information about
Middle Ages castles illustrate the strength, magnificence and power of
the warlords of the era. The architecture of the Middle Ages castles moved
from the early wooden Motte and Bailey castles hastily built by the
Normans after the
Battle of Hastings and during their conquest and invasion of England to their
fortification in stone with the addition of the great Norman stone
keeps. The kings, knights and warlords who travelled to the crusades and
who embarked on siege warfare in the Holy Land were influenced by the
design and architecture of the fortresses in the far East.
King Edward I
of England used this information and knowledge to design and build the
massive concentric castles in England. His policy enabled the conquest
of Wales. Siege warfare, the development of new weapons demanded
that a castle was built considering the possibilities of both attack and
defence. The designs of the massive stone castles therefore altered during
the centuries when building was at its pinnacle.
Development and Architecture
The history and development of Medieval Castles is fascinating. The
history, development, architecture and building of these great
fortresses changed as time progressed, influenced by important
historical events such as the Crusades and the technology of siege
warfare. The development of castles continued when the timber structures
were replaced with stone. The development of the Norman stone fortresses
gave them a power base from which to dominate England.
Famous Medieval Castles
The famous castles built in the era include the Tower of London, Warwick
Castle, Leeds Castle, Windsor Castle, Caernarvon Castle and the Chateau
Life in Medieval Castles
Life in the castles of the Middle Ages was either hard work or very
boring. Read about the daily life of a lord, a knight, the soldiers, the
servants and the serfs who lived in the castles of the Middle Ages. How
did the life in the Norman castles of the early Middle Ages differ from
the massive concentric castles built by King Edward I (1239–1307)?
Until 1066 there were no castles in England.
William the conqueror introduced Norman castles to England when he defeated King
Harold at the Battle of Hastings in 1066. These Norman castles gave the
Normans of 1066 power bases from which they could subjugate the English
population. What was a Motte and Bailey Castle? When was the first Motte
and Bailey Castle built? The Motte and Bailey Castles were first built
in timber and then in Stone. Also read about the connection between the
Motte and Bailey Castle and
Concentric Castles built by King Edward I
King Edward I ( Longshanks ) employed the services of the best architect
and builder of the period who was called Master James of St
George to build the concentric castles. Concentric
castles were heavily defended. Defence features were added
to concentric castles design including the Drawbridge,
Barbican, Portcullis, Gatehouse, Moat, Crenellations and
Murder Holes. Descriptions of the major parts of the Middle
Ages castles and what they were used for are also described.
Destroying and Attacking Castles
The Middle Ages were a violent time where men fought for land and power.
Successfully defending a castle during the Medival times of the Middle Ages depended on
whether the castle and its inhabitants could withstand a siege.
Understanding Siege warfare was critical during the Medieval times and era. The
siege engines when attacking a castle in Medival Times were the
Trebuchet, Ballista, Catapult, Mangonel, Battering Ram and Siege Towers.
The Medieval Life and Times website provides interesting facts, history
and information about great people, places and important
events in Medival history which scatter the History books. The Sitemap
provides full details of all of the information and facts about
the fascinating subject of the lives of the people who lived
during the historical period of the Middle Ages. The content of these articles on
the castles provide free educational details, facts and information for reference and research for schools, colleges and homework for history courses and history coursework.