King Richard III Biography
interesting information about this famous Medieval King of England - King Richard III Biography
Short Biography about the life of King Richard III of England
The following biography, short history and interesting facts provide helpful information for history courses and history coursework about the life of King Richard III King of England:
Country of Origin / Nationality:
Also Known by
the Nickname: Richard Crookback
Lifetime: 1452 –
Period he reigned as King
of England: 26 June 1483 - 22 Aug,1485. His coronation was
on 6 July 1483
King Richard III was born on 2 October 1452 at Fotheringay
Close family connections or relatives: He was the son of Richard, Duke of
York (1411-1460) and Cecily Neville (1415-1495)
to the throne of England: 26 June 1483
Neville (c. 1456-1485) on 12 July 1472
Date when King Richard III
died: 22 August 1485 when he was killed and his supporters
defeated at the Battle of Bosworth Field, Leicestershire
Cause of the
Death of King Richard III:
His body was found gashed, bleeding, and stripped on the
battlefield and was thrown across a horse and carried into
King Richard III: History is written by the victors and the
character of King Richard III was totally besmirched by the
Accomplishments and Achievements or why King Richard III was famous:
The main suspect in the murder of the Princes in the Tower.
His defeat at Bosworth Field by Henry Tudor ended the
Plantagenet dynasty and the
Wars of the Roses and heralded
the Tudor dynasty
Richard III was
greatly maligned by the Tudors and the play by
Richard III by William Shakespeare. King Richard III is
the only King of England not to have a tomb. It is said that
King Henry VIII ordered that his bones were dug up and
thrown away and his coffin was used as a horse trough
suggests that the little prince in the Tower, King Edward V,
was in fact a bastard. The son of a Rouen archer. If this is
true King Richard III was in fact the real heir to throne of
England and not the son of King Edward IV.
King Richard III
The story and biography of King Richard III which contains interesting information,
facts & the history about the life of King Richard III
Timeline of King Richard III
The story of King
Richard III ( Nickname : Richard Crookback )
In 1483 King Edward IV, Richard's brother,
died leaving two young sons. The boy king was on his way to his
coronation in London but was intercepted by his uncle, and Protector (
who would become Richard III ). Edward was escorted to London and then
to the Tower. On the 16th June 1483 he was joined by his brother Prince
Richard. The coronation was cancelled.
On June 25 1483 Parliament declared the two little princes illegitimate
and, as next in line to the throne, their uncle and Protector, Richard,
Duke of Gloucester, was declared the true King. The two little princes
were never seen again. The thirteen year old King and his ten year old
brother mysteriously disappeared in the Tower after being declared
illegitimate. They were believed to have been murdered and are referred
to as the Little
Princes in the Tower.
History is written by the
victors and Richard's name and even his physical description, have been
besmirched by many later historians. William Shakespeare depicted King
Richard III as an evil, murderous hunchback a description which would
have been applauded by the Tudors as their dynasty replaced the
Richard III. seems to have wished to be a good and great
king but his reign was beset with plots and treachery. His home
was unhappy, for his son, for whose sake he had striven so hard to be
king, died while just a boy, and Anne, his much loved wife, not long after.
Plots involving his
former staunch friend, the Duke of Buckingham were discovered. The Beauforts, the children of the younger
family of John of Gaunt and the commoner Katherine Swynford, had survived the
disputes between the Houses of York and Lancaster. Lady Margaret Beauforthad married a Welsh gentleman named Edmund Tudor, and
they had a son called Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond.
After the death of his first
wife, Anne Neville, plans were made for King Richard III to marry
the eldest daughter of Edward IV -Elizabeth, or Lady Bessee, as
she was called. Elizabeth was horrified and she
promised herself that, if Henry Tudor would come and overthrow Richard, she would marry him.
Elizabeth of York sent him a ring
in pledge of her promise.
Henry was in Brittany when he received the letter. He kissed the
ring, but waited long before he made up his mind to try his fortune.
He sailed in a French ship, and landed at Milford Haven where he
received considerable support. Richard, though very angry, was not much alarmed, for
he knew Henry Tudor had never seen a battle.
The Death of King
Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field
King Richard III marched out to meet
him, and a terrible fight took place at Redmore Heath, near Market
Bosworth, where, after long and desperate struggling, Richard was
overwhelmed and slain, his banner taken, and his men either killed
or driven from the field. His body was found gashed, bleeding, and
stripped; and thus was thrown across a horse and carried into
Leicester, where he had slept the night before.
The crown he had worn over his helmet was picked up from the branches
of a hawthorn, and set on the head of Henry Tudor. Richard was the
last king of the Plantagenet family, who had ruled over England for
more than three hundred years. The Battle of Bosworth Field likewise
finished the whole bloody war of the Red and White Roses.
Famous Medieval Kings
- King Richard III
Interesting facts and information with a short biography about the Medieval Life, Times and history of King Richard III.
Additional useful details, facts, history, biography, timeline and information about the lives of all of the Medieval Kings of England and the important events which occurred during their times, can be accessed via the Medieval Life and Times Sitemap. The content of this article on Medieval life and times provides free educational details, facts and information for reference and research for schools, colleges and homework for history courses and history coursework.
We recommend the following
site for facts, information, characters and full script of the
William Shakespeare play of Richard III