King Henry IV Biography
Facts and interesting information about this famous Medieval King of England - King Henry IV Biography
Short Biography about the life of King Henry IV of England
The following biography, short history and interesting facts provide helpful information for history courses and history coursework about the life of King Henry IV King of England:
- Country of Origin / Nationality: English
- Also Known as: Henry of Bolingbroke
- Lifetime: 1367 – 1413
- Period he reigned as King of England: September 30, 1399 - March 20, 1413. The coronation of King Henry IV took place on October 13, 1399
- Born: King Henry IV was born on April 3, 1367 at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire
- Close family connections or relatives: He was the son of John of Gaunt, the third son of King Edward III of England. His mother was Blanche of Lancaster (c. 1341-1369)
- Date succeeded to the throne of England: September 30, 1399
- Married: Mary de Bohun (c. 1369-1394) and Joanna of Navarre (c. 1370-1437)
- Children of King Henry IV two daughters and four sons:
- Henry aka Prince Hal ( who became King Henry V) (1387-1422)
- John, Duke of Bedford (1389-1435)
- Thomas, Duke of Clarence (1388-1421)
- Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (1390-1447)
- Date when King Henry IV died: March 20, 1413 in Westminster. He was buried at Canterbury Cathedral
- Cause of the Death of King Henry IV: Unknown, however he a disfiguring skin condition which has led to speculation that he died of leprosy
- Character of King Henry IV: Bright, friendly, free-spoken
- Accomplishments and Achievements or why King Henry IV was famous: Usurping the throne of England and imprisoning King Richard II (who died in prison under mysterious circumstances)
King Henry IV
The story and biography of King Henry IV which contains interesting information, facts & the history about the life of King Henry IV
Timeline of King Henry IV
The story of King Henry IV ( AKA : Henry of Bolingbroke )
Henry of Bolingbroke usurped the throne of England and imprisoned King Richard II. Richard died in prison under mysterious circumstances. King Richard II was believed to have murdered in Pontefract Castle. Richard's body was displayed in the old St Paul's Cathedral for all to see that he was really dead, and he was then buried in Kings Langley Church. So the reign of King Henry IV started under difficult and suspicious circumstances.
King Henry IV and the Welsh Rebellion
The Welsh, who always had loved Richard, took up arms for him, and the Earl of Northumberland, who had betrayed Richard, expected a great deal too much from Henry. The earl had a brave son--Henry Percy--who was so fiery and eager that he was commonly called Hotspur. He was sent to fight with the Welsh: and with the king's son, Henry, Prince of Wales, a brave boy of fifteen or sixteen, under his charge, to teach him the art of war; and they used to climb the mountains and sleep in tents together as good friends. But the Scots made an attack on England. Henry Percy went north to fight with them, and beat them in a great battle, making many prisoners. The King sent to ask to have the prisoners sent to London, and this made the proud Percy so angry that he gave up the cause of King Henry, and went off to Wales, taking his prisoners with him; and there, being by this time nearly sure that poor Richard must be dead, he joined the Welsh in choosing, as the only right king of England, young Edmund Mortimer. Henry IV. and his sons gathered an army easily. The battle was fought near Shrewsbury. It was a very fierce one, and in it Hotspur was killed, the Welsh put to flight, and the Prince of Wales fought so well that everyone saw he was likely to be a brave, warlike king, like Edward I. or Edward III.
The troubles were not over, however, for the Earl of Northumberland himself, and Archbishop Scrope of York, took up arms against the king; but they were put down without a battle. The Earl fled and hid himself, but the archbishop was taken and beheaded, the first bishop whom a king of England had ever put to death. His reign full of plots and conspiracies. The king never knew whom to trust: one friend after another turned against him, and he became soured and wretched: he was worn out with disappointment and guarding against everyone, and at last he grew even suspicious of his brave son Henry, because he was so bright and bold, and was so much loved.
The prince was ordered home from Wales, and obliged to live at Windsor, with nothing to do, while his youngest brothers were put before him and trusted by their father, one of them even sent to command the army in France. But happily the four brothers, Henry, Thomas, John and Humfrey, all loved each other so well that nothing could make them jealous or at enmity with one another. At Windsor, too, the king kept young Edmund Mortimer, whom the Welsh had tried to make king,and also the young English princes, and they all led a happy life together.
There are stories told of Henry, Prince Hal, as he was called, leading a wild, merry life, as a sort of madcap; playing at being a robber, and breaking into the wagons that were bringing treasure for his father, and then giving the money back again. King Henry IV was an old man before his time. He was always ill, and often had fits, and one of these came on when he was in Westminster Abbey. He was taken to the room called the Jerusalem chamber, and Henry watched him there. Henry told his son that, unless he made war in France, his lords would never let him be quiet on his throne in England. Henry IV. died, after having made his own life miserable by taking the crown unjustly. His family is called the House of Lancaster, because his father had been the Duke of Lancaster.
Famous Medieval Kings of the Middle Ages - King Henry IV
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William Shakespeare play of Henry IV