History, Facts and
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Description of the Tuba
Definition and description of the
Tuba: The Tuba can be described as an ancient trumpet, the lowest brass
woodwind instrument. During the middle ages the tuba was as great a
favourite as the Trumpet, from which it may
readily be distinguished by its marked conical bore and absence of bell.
It is recorded that King Frederick Barbarossa gave an order on the 14th
of January 1240 in Arezzo for four tubas of silver and for slaves to be
taught to play upon them.
Family of Instruments: The
Tuba belongs to the family of
History of the Tuba
The modern tuba finds its prototype
and the origin of its name in the Roman tuba (the Greek salpinx) The
tuba is represented, together with the buccina and cornu, on Trajan's
column in the scenes described by Vegetius who wrote the following:
"Compared with the other
military service instruments of the Romans, the buccina and cornu, the
tuba was straight and was used to sound the charge and retreat, and to
encourage and lead the soldiers during action; it was sounded at the
changing of the guard, as the signal to begin and leave off work."
Medieval Musical Instruments
Medieval Musical instruments, including the Tuba, would be used by the musicians
of the period including the Waits,
Troubadours. There were three categories of musical instruments in the Middle Ages - wind, string and
percussion. Terms of description were Bas instruments and Haut instruments. Bas
referred to soft instruments (literally, "low," but referring to volume,
not pitch) which were suitable for the chamber which
included the vielle, rebec and other bowed strings, the lute and other
plucked strings. Haut referred to loud instruments
(literally "high" but referring to volume, not to pitch) which were
suitable for outdoors which included the shawm,
sackbut, pipe and tabor. Read the above history, facts and information about the Tuba.
Medieval Music -
The Medieval Times website provides interesting facts, history and information about the
musicians and styles of music which scatter the history books including
Tuba. The Medieval Life and Times Sitemap provides full details of all
of the information and facts about the fascinating subject of the lives
of the people who lived during the historical period of the Middle Ages.
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