King Edward I Biography
interesting information about this famous Medieval King of England - King Edward I Biography
Short Biography about the life of King Edward I of England
The following biography, short history and interesting facts provide helpful information for history courses and history coursework about the life of King Edward I King of England:
Country of Origin / Nationality:
Also Known by
the Nickname: Longshanks. King Edward I was called Longshanks because he was the tallest man in the Court
at 6 feet 2 inches. Edward was very
grand looking and handsome. He could leap, run, ride, and fight in
his heavy armor better than anyone else
Period he reigned as King
of England: November 20 1272 – July 7, 1307. The coronation
of Edward I was on August 19, 1274
King Edward I was born on 1 October 1207 at Westminster
Close family connections or relatives: He was the son of King Henry III
and Eleanor of Provence
of Castile (1241–1290) and Marguerite of France (1282–1317)
Children of King
Edward I and Eleanor of Castile:
Joan of Acre
King Edward II
Thomas, Earl of
Edmund, Earl of
Date when King Edward I
died: July 7, 1307 at Burgh-by-Sands, Cumberland, England.
He was buried at Westminster Abbey
King Edward I: Strong, ruthless, charismatic
Accomplishments and Achievements or why King Edward I was famous:
The conquest of Wales and the construction of Welsh
concentric castles. The 'Hammer of the
Scots' fighting against John Balliol, William Wallace and Robert the Bruce
King Edward I
The story and biography of King Edward I which contains interesting information,
facts & the history about the life of King Edward I
Timeline of King Edward I
The story of King
Edward I ( Nickname : Longshanks)
Edward was the son of King Henry III. The
9th Crusade led by Prince
Edward. Edward returned from the Holy Land
when his father died. He faithfully
obeyed Magna Carta. Order was the great
thing he cared for, and under him the English grew prosperous.
The Welsh were beaten into submission due to his strategy of building huge
concentric castles. Ever since that time, the
eldest son of the King of England has always been given the title of the Prince of Wales.
The Kings of Scotland always used to pay
homage to those of England.
King Edward ruled that John Balliol had the best right to be King.
The Scots rebelled against the interference of King Edward I and Edward
led his army into
Scotland. John Balliol was made prisoner and sent away to
Edward fought to join
Scotland to England, and rule it himself. William
Wallace led a Scottish rebellion against Edward I . There was a great fight at the Bridge of Stirling; the
English were beaten, and Wallace led his men over the border
into Northumberland, where they plundered and burnt wherever they went,
in revenge for what had been done in Scotland.
Edward gathered his forces and came to Scotland. The army that Wallace
had drawn together could not stand before him, but was defeated at
Falkirk. William Wallace was betrayed by one of his own countrymen, Wallace was sent to London, and put to death.
All seemed quieted, and
English garrisons--that is, guarding soldiers --were in all the Scottish
towns and castles, when, suddenly, Robert Bruce then went to Scone
and had been crowned King of Scotland.
Edward was bitterly angry now. He sent on an army to deal unsparingly
with the rising which was called'Harrying of the North'. Cruel action was taken
the places where Robert Bruce had been acknowledged as king, and his
friends were hung as traitors wherever they were found; but Bruce
himself could not be caught. He was living a wild life among the
lakes and hills; and Edward, who was an old man now, had been taken
so ill at Carlisle, that he could not come on to keep his own strict
rule among his men. All the winter he lay sick there; and in the
spring he heard that Robert the Bruce, whom he thought quite crushed, had
suddenly burst upon the English, defeated them, and was gathering
strength every day.
Edward put on his armor and set out for Scotland; but at Burgh-on-
the-Sands his illness came on again, and he died there at seventy
He was buried in Westminster Abbey, under a great block of stone, and
the inscription on it only says, "Edward I., 1308 - The Hammer of the
Scots - Keep Treaties." His wife, Queen Eleanor, had died many
years before him, and was also buried at Westminster. All the way
from Grantham, in Lincolnshire--where she died--to London, Edward set
up a beautiful stone cross wherever her body rested for the night--
fifteen of them--but only three are left standing.
Famous Medieval Kings of the Middle Ages
- King Edward I
Interesting facts and information with a short biography about the Medieval Life, Times and history of King Edward I.
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