Facts and interesting information about Medieval Art, specifically Romanesque Art,
during the Middle Ages
Romanesque Art History
The Western Empire (Europe) was dominated by warring factions and their quest for conquest and power. The Roman Empire was spit into two sections - the Eastern and Western part of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire fell when the German Visigoths, led by Alaric, sacked Rome. The Western part of the Empire disintegrated but the Eastern, or Byzantium Empire, stayed in tact. Early Medieval Art reflect the differences between the development of the Catholic religion in the west and the Byzantium Empire of the east. The Catholic religion became divided in the
Great Schism. The art period up to 1000AD is referred to as Pre-Romanesque art and after that date as Romanesque Art
Romanesque Art History Overview
The Romanesque art style of the Dark Ages or early Medieval Religious Art was created largely for the Christian Catholic Church in the European lands which were part of the western Roman empire. Christian art and religious iconography began, about two hundred years after the death of Christ. Western Christian art and religious iconography was originally based on the classical art styles and imagery used by the Ancient Romans. In the period encompassing Medieval art iconography began to be standardised and to relate more closely to the texts found in the Bible.
Romanesque Art Style
The Romanesque art style of the middle was created largely for the Western Christian Church which became known as the Catholic church. The style of Romanesque Art was characterised by:
The production of Pietistic painting (religious Christian art) in the form of illuminated manuscripts, mosaics and fresco paintings in churches
Medieval art in the form of brightly colored stained glass windows
The colors in the art of this period were generally muted except those used in manuscripts and stained glass windows
Figures in Romanesque Art often varied in size in relation to their importance
Religious shrines and caskets were decorated with fine metals, gilt work and enamel
Romanesque embroidery including the Bayeux Tapestry
Large, stone, figurative sculptures
Small Ivory Carvings
Later Romanesque art was influenced by the changes in Byzantine art.
Medieval Art - Romanesque Art
The Medieval Times website provides interesting facts, history and information about the great artists and important historical events which scatter the Medieval History books on the subject of Romanesque Art. The Medieval Times Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts about the fascinating subject of Romanesque Art during the historical period of the Middle Ages. The content of this article on Medieval art provides free educational details, facts and information for reference and research for schools, colleges and homework for history courses and history coursework.