Facts and interesting information about Medieval Art, specifically Medieval Architects,
during the Middle Ages
Norman Medieval Architects
The Norman architects who built the massive Norman stone castles were not deemed as particularly important in the Norman and medieval scheme of things - the Norman Lords who commissioned the castles were the important people! Information about the Medieval architects who specialised in Romanesque architecture is therefore somewhat limited. The most famous of all Medieval architects was Master James of St George.
Gundulf - Romanesque Medieval Architect
The master builder and the Medieval architect of the White Tower of the famous Tower of London was a Norman monk called Gundulf (1024-1108). He was also known as the 'weeping monk of Bec'. Gundulf came across from Normandy after the Battle of Hastings and the Norman Conquest. In 1077 Gundulf was made the Bishop of Rochester. Gundulf was well known and respected as a Medieval architect and for his building skills. William the Conqueror used the skills of Gundulf in the construction of the White Tower, the famous keep of the Tower of London. Gundulf was also responsible for architecture and the building the keep at Rochester Castle and Colchester Castle.
Robert de Belleme - Romanesque Medieval Architect
The chief architect and builder of the stone castle keep was called Robert, Lord of Belleme who also served William the Conqueror. Robert de Bellême (1052-1130) was an outstanding military architect. Robert de Belleme was the younger son of Roger de Montgomery, the Earl of Shrewsbury. Robert de Belleme inherited lordships in Normandy and England but was involved in a rebellion against the king in 1102 and was subsequently had his English lands and titles confiscated.
Henry Yeverley - Medieval Gothic Architect
Henry Yeverley ( 1325 - 1399) was the chief architect employed by King Edward III (1327 - 1377) of England. He was a Master Stone Mason and also earned money as a successful Brewer. Henry Yeverley become one of the greatest Gothic Architects of English Castles in and around London. His prowess as a builder and Medieval architect came to the attention of the English royal court and in 1360 he was created 'the Master Mason of the King's Works throughout England'. He worked on improving the fortifications in the Tower of London and built additions to the old St Paul's Cathedral.
Examples of the buildings produced by Medieval Architects
Examples of the buildings produced by Medieval Architects can be seen across the length and breadth of England and Wales. The Norman architects left their indelible mark on the English landscape - the massive Norman castles with their mighty stone keeps are awe-inspiring. The style of Romanesque architecture was featured in the massive castles built by the Medieval Architects of the Medieval era:
Great stone fortresses
- Thick, heavy walls supported by buttresses and vaulted ceilings supported by the roman style arch
These cumbersome castles featuring Romanesque architecture later gave way to the more slender and ornate castles of Gothic Architecture.
Medieval Art - Medieval Architects
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