Short Biography, facts and interesting information about Dante - the life of one of the famous people who lived during the Medieval times
Medieval Poet and Politician
The Medieval Times encompass one of the most exciting periods in the History of England and Europe. The names of many famous Medieval people scatter the Medieval History books and other historical documents. Why were these important Medieval people famous and what did they accomplish? Famous Medieval people of the Middle Ages included Artists, Clerics, Crusaders, Explorers, Religious Leaders, Military Leaders, Philosophers & Theologians, Scientists, Physicians, Writers & Poets and Reformers who featured in the Medieval times of the Middle Ages from 1066 - 1485. The following biography, short history and interesting facts provide helpful information for history courses and history coursework about the key dates and events in the life of Dante who was famous as a Medieval Poet and Politician and author of the Divine Comedy which includes Dante's Inferno.
Short Biography about the life of Dante
The following biography, short history and interesting facts provide helpful information for history courses and history coursework about the life and history of Dante a famous Medieval character of historical importance who lived during the Middle Ages:
Country of Origin / Nationality: English
Also Known as: Dante Alighiere
Lifetime: 1265 – 1321
Born: He was born on June 1, 1265
Family connections : He was the son of Alighiero de Bellincione and Donna Bella degli Abatia, a prominent family in Florence. The family had strong loyalties to the White Guelfs, a political alliance representing the indigenous population of Florence that supported the Papacy
Occupation and Career - Dante Timeline:
1265: Dante Alighiere is born on June 1, 1265
1271: Dante's mother dies
1272: Alighiero, the father of Dante Alighieri, married Miss Lapa di Chiarissimo Cialuffi. They two children, Dante's brother Francesco and sister Tana
1276: Alighiero, the father of Dante Alighieri, dies
1277: Dante Alighiere is married to Gemma Donati, with whom he has four children called Jacopo, Pietro, Giovanni and Antonia
1284: Dante Alighiere meets Guido Cavalcanti, Lapo Gianni, Cino da Pistoia, and soon after Brunetto Latini and together they became the leaders of Dolce Stil Nuovo (The Sweet New Style)
1289: Participates as a cavalryman in the Battle of Campaldino when the Guelf League defeats the Ghibellines of Arezzo
1289: Dante details the Battle of Campaldino in Purgatorio
1292: Dante Alighiere writes the Vita nuova
1294: Dante meets Charles Martel the King of Hungary and heir to the kingdom of Naples and the country of Provence. Dante recounts their meeting in Paradiso VIII
1295: To further his political career, he became a doctor and a pharmacist and Dante Alighiere joins the guild of the apothecaries
1295: Dante Alighiere enters public life
1300: Dante Alighiere becomes one of the six highest magistrates in Florence
1301: Dante Alighiere is sent to Rome as an envoy to Pope Boniface VIII, as Charles of Valois approaches Florence
1302: The Black Guelfs seize power in Florence. Dante was condemned to exile for two years, and ordered to pay a large sum of money. He was forever excluded from public office
1302: The sentence is increased to life long exile from Florence under threat of being burnt alive if taken in the territory of the Florentine Republic
1303: Dante Alighiere began sketching the foundations for the Divine Comedy, a work in 100 cantos
1304: Dante Alighiere writes De vulgari eloquentia and the Convivio
1306: Dante completed the Divine Comedy which includes Dante's Inferno
1308: Dante visited Paris
1310: Henry VII of Luxembourg, Holy Roman Emperor, invades Italy and Dante writes to him and other powerful leaders inciting them to destroy the Black Guelfs
1314: Publication of Inferno
1315: Dante Alighiere moves to Verona as a guest of Cangrande della Scala. Works on Purgatorio and Paradiso, and composes the Questio de acque et terra
1319: Dante Alighiere moves to Ravenna as the guest of Guido Novello da Polenta and then travels to Venice
Dante never returns to his beloved Florence and expresses the pain of exile in Canto XVII (55-60) of Paradiso
1321: Dante Alighiere falls ill on return from Venice, where he had been sent as ambassador by Guido Da Polenta, and dies on September 13 or 14.
A verse by Dante preserved the name of Cimabue when he wrote, "Cimabue thought himself the master of painters, Giotto took from him the glory and relegated him to oblivion."
Died: Dante died on September 13/14, 1321
Accomplishments and Achievements or why Dante was famous: Medieval Poet and Politician.
The story and biography of Dante which contains interesting information, facts & the history about the life of this Medieval person of historical importance
Dante Alighiere wrote the Divine Comedy which is composed of three canticas
The Divine Comedy is composed respectively of 34, 33, and 33 cantos. The first cantica, Inferno, is by far the most famous of the three, and is often published separately under the title Dante's Inferno. In the Divine Comedy Dante Alighiere tells, in the first person, of his travels through the three realms of the dead - Inferno (Hell), Purgatorio (Purgatory), and Paradiso (Paradise). His guide through Hell (Dante's Inferno) and Purgatory is the Latin poet Virgil, author of The Aeneid, and the guide through Paradise is Beatrice, Dante's ideal of a perfect woman.
Famous Medieval People - Dante
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